Peace, Security and Other Basic Human Rights in Islam


By Abdul-Rahman Al Sheha

The proper of safety and safety to an individual and all his household is probably the most fundamental of all human rights. All residents within the Muslim society legally should not be frightened or threatened by phrases, actions or weapons of any sort.

The proper of safety and safety to an individual and all his household is probably the most fundamental of all human rights.

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) says:

“It is not allowed for a Muslim to frighten another Muslim.” (Abu Dawud and Ahmad)

Feeling safe permits people of a society to have freedom of mobility and motion with a view to work and earn an trustworthy residing. Corporal and capital punishment have been laid down and established with a view to impose strict penalties on those that try and trigger disruption to the peace, safety and stability of a Muslim’s society. Allah’s Messenger said in his farewell speech:

“Truly, your body, honor, and your wealth are unlawful to one another. They are unlawful to tamper with like it is unlawful to tamper with this (honorable and sacred) Day (the Day of `Arafah during Hajj), in this Sacred Month (the month of hajj “Dthul-Hijjah”), and on this Sacred Town (town of Makkah). (Al-Bukhari)

Sustenance, Wholesome Food & Drink for All

Wholesome sustenance is to be secured for all individuals in an Islamic society by availing first rate and appropriate work alternatives for the work power within the society.

Availability of  appropriate alternatives of trades and work is essential for individuals with a view to fulfill their fundamental wants. Those who can’t work because of outdated age, disabilities, power illness, or the dearth of bread-earner within the household, develop into entitled to public help from the Islamic authorities.

Zakah, (compulsory alms and charity) given by the wealthier individuals of the society, is to be made accessible to the needy that can’t earn an honest earnings due to reliable causes. Zakah is an compulsory charity that’s taken from the wealthy and given to particular classes of the society.

This relies on the hadith of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) in his recommendation to his Companion Mu`adh ibn Jabal (could Allah be happy with him) whereas sending him on the mission to name to Islam in Yemen saying,

“…Tell the individuals of Yemen … that Allah has prescribed a sure proportion of their wealth as zakah (compulsory charity) to be taken from the wealthy members amongst them and given to the poor and needy ones. (Muslim)

Other voluntary donations, presents, monetary commitments and the like are given in good trigger to please the Almighty Allah, and prolonged willingly to the poor and needy members of the society. This can be based mostly on many scriptures together with the hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him),

“One is not a believer who satisfies himself while his neighbor is hungry.” (Al-Bukhari)

These poor and needy individuals are additionally entitled to a good proper and share of the Islamic Treasury. This can be based mostly on the hadith of the Prophet:

“Whoever leaves behind a legacy (wealth and estates), will become the right of his heirs. As for the person who leaves behind poor and needy members of his family, Allah, and His Messenger will take care of them.” (Al-Bukhari)

Proper & Adequate Health Facilities

Islam prohibits all such causes which will trigger detrimental impact to public well being. Islam bans all forms of dangerous medicine and intoxicants. Islam bans consuming blood, carrion, unclean animals, unwholesome meats like swine, and all their byproducts, and so on.

Islam bans all immoral acts comparable to fornication, adultery, and gay actions. Islam imposes a quarantine within the time of plague for each incoming and outgoing visitors of individuals with a view to guarantee that no epidemic or dangerous ailments are unfold within the wider group. Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) mentioned:

“If you hear about an epidemic in a country, do not enter it, and if you are in a place that has an epidemic disease, do not leave it.” (Ahmad)

And he (peace be upon him) mentioned:

“A sick person must not be brought to visit a recovering person.” (Al-Bukhari)


The article is an excerpt from the creator’s Human Rights in Islam and Common Misconceptions.



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