Physical Security and Protection
Human life is sacred and a present from Allah, the Creator. For the safety of human life Islam has legislated capital and corporal punishments and retribution unto these transgressing criminals who homicide and bodily hurt others. Killing falls into three varieties: intentional and/or premeditated homicide,manslaughter, and complete mistake.
Islam instructions the execution of anybody who commits premeditated homicide of an harmless individual, searching for to position as sturdy a deterrent as potential to eradicate the temptation of intentional homicide.
Unintentional manslaughter and mistaken killings are separate classes with separate lesser sentences and blood cash is paid to the shut relations of the sufferer. The household or the heirs of the killed sufferer are given a diyyah (blood cash) until they select to forgive the killer. The killer should repent to Allah and make atonement by the releasing a Muslim slave, and if this isn’t potential, by fasting for 2 consecutive months.
All such penalties are for preservation of life. No one has the proper to possessions or property with out official trigger. All oppressive or abusive should be warned towards unjust killing, victimizing or harassing different harmless members of the Islamic society, and these strict punishments ought to be made clear. If the retaliation will not be just like the crime itself, criminals grow to be emboldened of their legal actions.
All different corporal punishments have the identical rationale, whereby the punishment is proportionate to the crime with particular measurements of retribution predetermined to cease all arguments and confusion.
All capital and corporal punishments are oriented for the preservation of human life and property in an Islamic society. Allah, the Exalted, states within the Qur’an:
And there’s (a saving of) life for you in al-qisas (the regulation of equality in punishment), O males of understanding,that you could be grow to be pious. (Al-Baqarah 2:179)
The penalty of the Hereafter for the intentional assassin who doesn’t repent would be the wrath of Allah. Allah, the Exalted, states within the Qur’an:
If a person kills a believer deliberately, his recompense is Hell, to abide therein (eternally): and the wrath and the curse of Allah are upon him, and a dreadful penalty is ready for him. (An-Nisaa’ 4:9)
Islam has imposed sure particular duties on everybody in respect to safety of human life. The following are a few of these duties:
1-Man doesn’t personal his soul or his personal physique: quite it’s a sacred entity entrusted to him on a short lived foundation. It will not be allowed for anybody to deliberately torture or hurt himself, or carry-out any kind of suicidal crime or reckless act resulting in his destruction.
Life is just given in sacrifice for the reason for Allah. Allah says:
O you who consider! Eat not up your property amongst yourselves unjustly: however let there be amongst you commerce by mutual good-will: nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for verily Allah has been to you Most Merciful! (An-Nisaa’ 4:29)
2-Man should preserve correct dietary care to fulfill the minimal necessities important for first rate well being. He will not be allowed to deprive himself of permissible meals, drink, clothes, marriage and correct care underneath any pretexts, if that causes him hurt. Allah, the Exalted, states within the Qur’an:
Say: Who has forbidden the gorgeous (items) of Allah,which He has produced for His servants, and the issues,clear and pure, (which He has offered) for sustenance?
Say, they’re, within the lifetime of this world, for individuals who consider, (and) purely for them on the Day of Requital.
Thus do We clarify the indicators intimately for individuals who perceive. (Al-A`raf 7:32)
Halal in Moderation
Allah, the Exalted, admonished the Prophet (peace be upon him) when he abstained from consuming honey with the intention to please certainly one of his wives, and this turned an everlasting lesson for all Muslims. Allah states within the Qur’an:
O Prophet! Why do you make forbidden that which Allah has made lawful to you? You search to please your wives however Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (At-Tahrim 66:1)
Moderation is between stinginess and extravagance. Man could benefit from the lawful bounties provided by Allah to man on earth carefully inside the limits of the Islamic legal guidelines and with out wastage. Allah states within the Qur’an:
O Children of Adam! Wear your lovely attire at each time and place of prayer: eat and drink: however waste not by extra, for Allah loves not the wasters. (Al-A`raf 7:31)
It is forbidden to neglect the bodily wants of the physique and trigger hurt by way of negligence or self-torture:
On no soul does Allah place a burden better than itcan bear. It will get each good that it earns, and it suffers each unwell that it earns. (Al-Baqarah 2:286)
It is reported that Anas ibn Malik (could Allah be happy with him) mentioned that, “Three men came to the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) mosque to inquire about the worship of the Prophet. When they were informed, they considered their worship insignificant and said: ”Where are we as compared with the Prophet whereas Allah has forgiven his previous sins and future sins“. One of them said: ”As for me, I shall provide salah all night time lengthy.” Another mentioned:”I shall observe sawm (fasting) repeatedly and shall not break it”. The third one mentioned: ”I shall abstain from ladies and shall by no means marry.”
The Prophet got here to them and mentioned,“Are you the people who said such and such things? By Allah, I fear Allah more than you do, and I am the most obedient and dutiful among you to Him, but still I observe fasting and break it; perform salah and sleep at night and take wives. So whoever turns away from my Sunnah does not belong to me.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
The article is an excerpt from the creator’s Human Rights in Islam and Common Misconceptions.
Abdul-Rahman Al Sheha is a Saudi Da`iyah and Scholar, specialised in Islamic Studies and Islamic tradition. Of his excellent publications are: Woman in The Shade of Islam, Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, Misconceptions on Human Rights in Islam, and Islamic Perspective of Sex.